06| The 12th of October of 1492 they reached the shore of an island (today The Bahamas) that Columbus named San Salvador. He still believed he had reached Asia that is why he called Indians to its inhabitants.
07| Only two of the three ships returned. The Santa Maria shipwrecked and its wooden planks were used to build a small fort named Navidad. It became the first European colony in the New World, though it lasted only a year. A group of archeologist have recently claimed to have found the rest of the ship in the bottom of the Caribbean Sea.
08| The first Europeans to know about the great discovery were the dwellers of the small town of Bayona in the Galician coast. The 1st of March 1493 the Pinta Caravel reached its shore. Columbus did not arrive to Lisbon in the Niña until March 4.
09| He was appointed Viceroy and Governor of the Indies under the terms of the Capitulations of Santa Fe but he was accused of tyranny and incompetence and had some problems with the Spanish Crown.
10| He died the 20th of May 1506, aged probably 54, in the Spanish city of Valladolid. His tomb is actually at Seville’s Cathedral.
Photo: Fabi-DE. Adapted under license (CC BY-SA 2.0)