Known locally as Mezquita-Catedral, the Great Mosque of Córdoba is one of the oldest structures still standing from the time Muslims ruled Al-Andalus (Muslim Iberia including most of Spain, Portugal, and a small section of Southern France) in the late 8th century.
You may be wondering when was the great mosque of Cordoba built. Here comes the answer: The original structure was built in 784–786 with extensions in the 9th and 10th centuries that doubled its size, making it one of the largest sacred buildings in the Islamic world.
The Mosque of Cordoba has two different areas: the patio/portico where the minaret is (under the Renaissance tower), which was Abd al-Rahman III’s only invention, and the prayer room/haram.
The inside of the Corboba Mosque kept its first Islamic influence, inspired by the Mosque of Damascus and it combines Roman Hispanic art, overlapping arches alternating with red bricks and stones, and materials used by artists with beautiful Byzantine mosaics.
Unlike any other monument in the world, you can find a peculiar detail in every area of the mosque-cathedral from Cordoba with each door named. Due to the various cultures that have shaped it over the centuries from the Middle Ages to today, it is definitely a unique and special place.