Guernica is a town placed in the Basque Country. At the time of the Spanish Civil War, this place was considered the northern bastion of the Republican resistance movement and at the same time the center of the Basque culture.
During April of 1937 the Germans bombed Guernica for about two hours. Hitler took advantage of the situation to test out new weapons and some tactics of battle.
Guernica painting is the perfect icon of the modern art, some sort of the Mona Lisa of our times. Guernica may be the interpretation that Picasso had on what art can apport to set free every human being and at the same time on how to protect the individual against some overwhelming forces like political crime, war, or death.